Monkeypox Outbreak In Nigeria- Transmission, Symptoms & Prevention

By Martinez - October 08, 2017

Monkeypox


Nigeria is facing the outbreak of another deadly epidemic called “monkeypox”. It is said to be discovered first in Bayelsa State

 Speaking regarding the issue, Prof. Ebitimitula Etebu, Bayelsa's Commissioner of Health says that the symptoms have not been confirmed. The state has sent samples to the World Health Organization (WHO) laboratory in Dakar, the capital city of Senegal. Prof Etebu says that though it has not being confirmed, from its symptoms it is monkeypox.

Presently in Yenagoa, the capital city of Bayelsa State, 11 persons including a medical doctor have contracted this rare disease. They are being held in isolation at the Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital (NDUTH) isolation centre in Okolobiri, Yenagoa, which was created by the Nigerian Centre For Disease Control joined by the Ministry Of Health in Bayelsa.

What is monkeypox?

Monkeypox is an uncommon viral disease that mostly occurs in remote areas of Central and West Africa, near tropical rainforests.

It was discovered in 1958 when two outbreaks of a pox-like disease appeared in a group of monkeys kept for research purposes,  hence the name ‘monkeypox.’ was derived. But the first discovered human case was in the Democratic Republic Of Congo in 1970.

What are the symptoms of monkeypox?

Symptoms of smallpox and monkeypox are similar. But one main difference is this; lymph nodes are swollen in monkeypox.

Other symptoms include:

Fever

Fatigue

Headaches

Rash, starting from the face, then spreads to other parts of the body.

Aches all over the body.

This usually lasts for about 1-21 days.

How is monkeypox transmitted?

 It can be contacted through direct contact with an infected animal or person. 

Bites or scratch from an infected animal can make you come down with the virus. 

Contact with body fluid such as blood, seminal fluid, vaginal fluid or even sweat is also a mode of transmission.

How can monkeypox be prevented?

Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, and use a sanitizer.

Avoid animals that could accommodate this virus, particularly sick or dead animals in epidemic areas.

Do not touch materials that has come in contact with an infected person or animal, or even a dead animal.

If you are a health care professional caring for sick people, always use protective materials like gloves.


For more information on monkeypox, see Centers For Disease Control And Prevention official website.

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