POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME (PCOS) OVERVIEW AND DISCUSSION.

By Unknown - July 01, 2017

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Disease


Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which a woman’s levels of the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are out of balance. This leads to the growth of ovarian cysts (benign masses on the ovaries).
An ovarian cyst
An ovarian cyst.

 While the exact cause of PCOS is unknown, doctors believe that hormonal imbalances and genetics play a role. Women are more likely to develop PCOS if their mother or sister also has the condition.

Brief discussion about hormones, and what occurs in PCOS.

Hormones are chemical messengers that trigger many different processes, including growth and energy production. Often, the job of one hormone is to signal the release of another hormone.

For reasons that are not well understood, in PCOS the hormones get out of balance. One hormone change triggers another, which changes another. For instance:

The sex hormones get out of balance. Normally, androgen is a male sex hormone that women’s ovaries also produce. Women with PCOS often produce higher-than-normal levels of androgen. This can affect the development and release of eggs during ovulation. It may cause you to stop ovulating, get acne, and grow extra facial and body hair. Other symptoms include:
Weight gain
Thinning hair on the scalp.
Fertility problems. Many women who   have PCOS have trouble getting pregnant (infertility).

 The body may also have a problem using insulin, called insulin resistance. When the body doesn't use insulin well, blood sugar levels go up. Over time, this increases your chance of getting diabetes.

  According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, between 1 in 10 and 1 in 20 women of childbearing age has PCOS. The condition currently affects up to 5 million women in the United States.

How is PCOS treated?


PCOS can be treated, but there is no cure. Treatment focuses on controlling symptoms and managing the condition to prevent complications. Treatment varies depending of the severity of the symptoms.

Eat a healthy diet. A healthy diet and regular exercise is recommended for all women with PCOS, particularly those who are overweight. This can help to regulate your menstrual cycle and lower your blood glucose levels.


Try to fit in moderate activity and/or vigorous activity often. Walking is a great exercise that most people can do.

Hormonal imbalances can be treated with birth control pills or anti-androgen medications. Medications that help the body respond better to insulin may also be helpful. For women whose infertility problems are not resolved with lifestyle changes alone, medications that improve ovulation (fertility drugs) may be helpful.

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